How People Photoshopped before Photoshop

1850s-1950s: 100 years of manipulating images without computers

Prior to 1985 photographs were retouched by hand using paint or ink, pieced together in the darkroom from separate photographs. Airbrushing as a term is still in use today, though the technique originated much earlier. All these required a degree of artistic skill and, for some, access to a darkroom.


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The Weird Science of Naming New Products

The Weird Science of Naming New Products


The Weird Science of Naming New Products

For decades, corporations have turned to creative people for their naming needs, with varying results. In 1955, a Ford Motor marketing executive recruited the modernist poet Marianne Moore to name the company’s new car. The marketing department had already created a list of 300 candidates, all of which, the executive confessed, were “characterized by an embarrassing pedestrianism.” Could the poet help? In a series of letters, Moore proposed dozens of notably nonpedestrian names — Intelligent Whale, Pastelogram, Mongoose Civique, Utopian Turtletop, Varsity Stroke — but the marketing team rejected them all, instead naming the new car (in one of the great disasters, naming and otherwise, in corporate history) after Henry Ford’s son, Edsel. Today roughly 500,000 businesses open each month in the United States, and every one needs a name. Source: The Weird Science of Naming New Products – NYTimes.com Rights to all content (text, images, videos etc.) with post source. If you think these are wrongly attributed email us

What does the ‘i’ in iPhone really mean?

What does the ‘i’ in iPhone really mean?


What does the ‘i’ in iPhone really mean?

At an Apple event in 1998, Steve Jobs introduced the iMac, explaining the link between “i” and “Mac.” Jobs followed these statements with a slide that expanded upon what else the “i” means to Apple: internet  individual  instruct  inform  inspire  Since then, the “i” has moved beyond its Internet-centric meaning; Apple probably didn’t have the Internet in mind when naming the original iPod. But as Apple continues to grow into other markets, including smartwatches and TV boxes, its famous prefix seems to be falling to the wayside. Instead of iWatch and iTV, we have Apple Watch and Apple TV. Perhaps this is because we no longer need to know our devices connect to the Internet — it’s something we’ve come to expect. Source:  Here’s what the ‘i’ in iPhone means Rights to all content (text, images, videos etc.) with post source. If you think these are wrongly attributed email us

The Stimulating History of Coffee

The Stimulating History of Coffee


The Stimulating History of Coffee

You don’t speak Turkish. You don’t speak Finnish. You don’t speak Mandarin or Cantonese. None of these languages is remotely related to English. In fact, none of these languages are even in the same language family. Yet you can recognize, within the two quick syllables of kah-vay, ka-vee, and ka-fay, the word you know as coffee. Source: Coffee cognates: Arabic qahwah, Turkish kahve, and other cross-linguistic borrowings that make this word similar around the world. Rights to all content (text, images, videos etc.) with post source. If you think these are wrongly attributed email us

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